Colombian Coffee Beans
The coffee analysis in Colombia tends to be perceived as a medium body, rich in flavor and citrus-like acidity. The best Colombian coffee of high quality is characterized by a classic Latin American mild fruity flavor but not a fruity flavor that seems almost fermented. The high volume of crops in the country (Colombia grew by almost 10% of the world’s coffee in 2015), this means that premium Arabica beans are also among the most aggressive in the market and serves as the basis for many mix markings. The lack of frequency of these grains is that many people will find it very “mild” because they are used to the flavor.
Growth latitude: 1,200 – 2,000 meters above sea level
Arabica varieties: Borbon, Typica, Caturra, Tabi, Colombia, Maragogipe, Castillo
Harvest Period: September – December
Grinding process: washing, drying in the sun
Aroma: sweet (caramel), cocoa
Taste: Sweet (fruity), Citrusy, nutty (slight)
Body Type: Medium
Acidity: Brilliant, lemon-like
Colombia Coffee Growing and Processing
Most of the standard Colombian coffee is grown on relatively small farms, then bought, processed (washed), milled and exported by the Colombian Coffee Federation.
The growth elevations in Colombia range from 1,200 to 1,800 meters above sea level, offering many opportunities for highly qualified and highly rated Colombian coffee to be found. Colombian coffee is usually washed and dried in the sun on the terraces.
Due to the large geographical size of Colombia, harvesting season varies from country to country, with most crops being harvested between September and January, but some parts last from April to August. The continual production results in more stable prices and constant supply of Colombian coffee on the North American market.
Colombian organic coffee is by no means exceptional, and the Fair Trade certificates and the Rainforest Alliance are also on the market.
Guerilla Coffee Farmers
After the signing of the 2016 Peace Agreement, the FARC (a member of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) began to form a guerrilla group as a bartender and a coffee maker in the Tecnicafe coffee technology park. The group occupies Cauca, a territory culminating at 2100 meters above sea level and contains a rich volcanic soil – perfect conditions for growing coffee. It will be interesting to see how disciplined ex-soldiers approach the breeding and production of coffee.
Coffee Growing Region in Colombia
Three of Colombia’s most prominent coffees- Medellin, Armenia, and Manizales are named after the area where they are often bred and placed on the market to simplify transfers of important coffee contracts. These coffees are identified with the acronym MAM.
Today, Cauca makes about 95,000 hectares cultivated by 93,000 families.
One of the best Colombian coffee is Colombia Supremo, which is comparable to Jamajka Blue Mountain Cafe, though with a higher acidity level.
Other Colombian coffees include Cucuta coffee (usually sent by Maracaibo) to Venezuela and Bucaramanga coffee, which is known for its low acidity. Some of the best coffee in Colombia comes from the area of Narino coffee in southern Colombia.